Your Brain and Nervous System for children


How would you recall the path to your companion’s home? Why do your eyes flicker without you steadily contemplating it? Where do dreams originate from? Your cerebrum is responsible for these things and significantly more.

Truth be told, your mind is the manager of your body. It runs the appear and controls pretty much all that you do, notwithstanding when you’re sleeping. Not awful to something that resembles a major, wrinkly, dark wipe.

Your mind has a wide range of parts that work together. We’re going to discuss these five sections, which are key players on the cerebrum group:


mind stem



The Biggest Part: the Cerebrum

Mind CerebrumThe greatest part of the cerebrum is the cerebrum. The cerebrum makes up 85% of the mind’s weight, and it’s anything but difficult to see why. The cerebrum is the reasoning part of the mind and it controls your intentional muscles — the ones that move when you need them to. So you can’t move — or kick a soccer ball — without your cerebrum.

When you’re considering every option, you’re utilizing your cerebrum. You require it to take care of math issues, make sense of a computer game, and draw a photo. Your memory lives in the cerebrum — both transient memory (what you had for supper the previous evening) and long haul memory (the name of that crazy ride you rode on two summers back). The cerebrum likewise helps you reason, similar to when you make sense of that you would be wise to get your work done now in light of the fact that your mother is taking you to a motion picture later.

The cerebrum has two parts, with one on either side of the head. Researchers feel that the right half helps you consider conceptual things like music, hues, and shapes. The left half is said to be more scientific, helping you with math, rationale, and discourse. Researchers do know for beyond any doubt that the right 50% of the cerebrum controls the left half of your body, and the left half controls the right side.

The Cerebellum’s Balancing Act

Cerebrum Cerebellum Next up is the cerebellum. The cerebellum is at the back of the mind, underneath the cerebrum. It’s a considerable measure littler than the cerebrum at just 1/8 of its size. In any case, it’s a vital part of the cerebrum. It controls equalization, development, and coordination (how your muscles cooperate).

In light of your cerebellum, you can stand upright, keep your equalization, and move around. Consider a surfer riding the waves on his board. What does he require most to stay adjusted? The best surfboard? The coolest wetsuit? Nope — he needs his cerebellum!

Mind Stem Keeps You Breathing — and that’s just the beginning

Mind StemAnother cerebrum part that is little however strong is the cerebrum stem. The mind stem sits underneath the cerebrum and before the cerebellum. It associates whatever is left of the cerebrum to the spinal line, which keeps running down your neck and back. The mind stem is responsible for every one of the capacities your body needs to stay alive, such as breathing air, processing nourishment, and circling blood.

Part of the cerebrum stem’s occupation is to control your automatic muscles — the ones that work naturally, without you notwithstanding pondering it. There are automatic muscles in the heart and stomach, and it’s the mind stem that advises your heart to pump more blood when you’re biking or your stomach to begin processing your lunch. The cerebrum stem likewise deals with the a great many messages that the mind and whatever is left of the body send forward and backward. Whew! It’s a difficult task being the mind’s secretary!

Pituitary Gland Controls Growth

Cerebrum Pituitary GlandsThe pituitary organ is little — just about the extent of a pea! Its occupation is to deliver and discharge hormones into your body. On the off chance that your garments from a year ago are too little, this is on account of your pituitary organ discharged uncommon hormones that made you develop. This organ is a major player in pubescence as well. This is the time when young men’s and young ladies’ bodies experience real changes as they gradually get to be men and ladies, all on account of hormones discharged by the pituitary organ.

This little organ likewise assumes a part with loads of different hormones, similar to ones that control the measure of sugars and water in your body. What’s more, it keeps your digestion system (say: muh-TA-buh-lih-zum) going. Your digestion system is everything that goes ahead in your body to keep it alive and developing and supplied with vitality, such as breathing, processing sustenance, and moving your blood around.

Hypothalamus Controls Temperature

Mind HypothalamusThe hypothalamus resemble your cerebrum’s inward indoor regulator (that little box on the divider that controls the warmth in your home). The hypothalamus recognizes what temperature your body ought to be (around 98.6°F or 37°C). On the off chance that your body is excessively hot, the hypothalamus lets it know, making it impossible to sweat. In case you’re excessively icy, the hypothalamus makes them shudder. Both shuddering and sweating are endeavors to recover your body’s temperature where it should be.


You Have Some Nerve!

So the cerebrum is manager, however it can’t do only it. It needs a few nerves — really a considerable measure of them. Furthermore, it needs the spinal rope, which is a long basket case inside your spinal section, the vertebrae that ensure it. It’s the spinal string and nerves — known as the sensory system — that let messages stream forward and backward between the mind and body.

On the off chance that a spiky desert plant tumbles off a rack set out right toward your closest companion, your nerves and mind impart with the goal that you hop up and shout for your companion to escape the way. In case you’re better than average, perhaps you’re ready to get the plant before it hits your companion!

Yet, you may ponder about these nerves, which you can’t see without a magnifying lens. What are they in any case? The sensory system is comprised of millions and a large number of neurons, which are minuscule cells. Every neuron has little branches getting over it that let it interface with numerous different neurons.

When you were conceived, your mind accompanied every one of the neurons it will ever have, yet a large number of them were not associated with each other. When you learn things, the messages make a trip starting with one neuron then onto the next, again and again. In the end, the cerebrum begins to make associations (or pathways) between the neurons, so things get to be less demanding and you can improve and better.

Recall the first occasion when you rode a bicycle. Your mind needed to consider accelerating, staying adjusted, controlling with the handlebars, viewing the street, and possibly hitting the brakes — at the same time. Diligent work, isn’t that so? In any case, in the end, as you got more practice, the neurons sent messages forward and backward until a pathway was made in your cerebrum. Presently you can ride your bicycle without considering it in light of the fact that the neurons have effectively made a “bicycle riding” pathway.

Feeling Location

With the various things it does, is it any astonishment that the cerebrum runs your feelings? Perhaps you got the definite toy you needed for your birthday and you were truly upbeat. On the other hand your companion is debilitated and you feel dismal. On the other hand your younger sibling fouled up your room, so you’re truly irate! Where do those emotions originate from? Your mind, obviously.

Your mind has a little pack of cells on every side called the amygdala (say: uh-MIG-duh-luh). The word amygdala is Latin for almond, and that is the thing that this region resembles. Researchers trust that the amygdala is in charge of feeling. It’s typical to feel every single diverse sort of feelings, great and terrible. At times you may feel somewhat dismal, and different times you may feel frightened, or senseless, or happy.

Regard Your Brain

So what would you be able to accomplish for your mind? Bounty.

Eat sound nourishments. They contain potassium and calcium, two minerals that are vital for the sensory system.

Get a considerable measure of recess (activity).

Wear a cap when you ride your bicycle or play different games that require head assurance.

Try not to drink liquor, take medications, or use tobacco.

Utilize your cerebrum by doing testing exercises, for example, astounds, perusing, playing music, making workmanship, or whatever else that gives your mind a workout!


  1. Great, thanks for sharing this article.Really looking forward to read more. Awesome.